Harvard citation style
The Harvard citation style, also called American citation style, is a widespread citation style. It is mainly used in economic and social studies as well as in the Anglo-American community.
For in-text references after quotations you write:
- (Last name publication year: page number)
For in-text references after citations you use:
- (see Last name publication year: page number)
You can also implement the reference into your text by using the author as a subject:
- Author (publication year: page number) says…
For the reference list, you write citations for monographic books like this:
- Last name, first name (ed.) (publication year), title of the book, edition, publication place.
For articles in journals and anthologies you cite like this:
- Last name, first name (publication year), “Title of the article”, name of the journal or anthology, publication year, edition, page number.
If there are two authors in a book, you mention both with / or &.
- (Last name / last name publication year: page number) or Last name, first name / last name, first name (publication year), title, edition, publication place.
If there are more than two authors, you only list the first author and then write “et al”.
Here’s an example for you:
In the reference list: Thaine, Craig (2012), Cambridge Academic English. 1st ed. Vienna.
In the text: (Thaine 2012: p.15)